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Home Hand Crafted
Hand Crafted Textile Printing, Dyeing and Embroidery
 
Hand Dyeing - Tie And Dye:
This is one of the earliest methods of decorating cloth, developed in the Far East. Based on resist principle by which certain area of the cloth are covered with wax which resists the colouring dye. When the wax is removed the design appeared on the white ground of the cloth. In this method small puffs of such were tied very tightly with wax threads. When the cloth was dipped into the dye bath, the wax-tied area resisted the colour and produced roughly circular white designs on a coloured ground.
 
Stitch Resist:
This was a form of tie and dye but more complicated designs could be achived because the designs areas were stitched rather than tied.
 
Wax Resist (Batik):
This is the basic resist technique still used by the craftsmen of Jav. The designs are applied in wax the cloth is dipped in dye, and the wax is then removed by boiling or using a solvent like benzene. This process must be repeated for each colour used to get final design.
 
Hand Printing:
Printing is done through screen print technique and block. Both acid and basic dyes play an mportant role in printing after printing fabric is washed, steamed and prolonged exposure to light.In printing, wooden blocks stencils, engraved plates, is used to place colour on the fabric. Colourants used in printing contain dyes thickened to prevent the colour from spreading by capillary attractin beyond the limits of the pattern or design.
 
Traditional textile printing techniques may be broadly categorized into three styles:
1. Direct printing
2. Resist dyeing
3. Discharge printing
 
Wood block printing:
Printing by the use of wood block is usually associtated with the chines and the technique later appeared in the Metatherian and from there spread to the great printing centers of Europe.
 
History of Screen printing:
Screen printing, which uses the same principle as the ancient Chinese stencil print. Historically it is the most recent method of printing textile. Lyons, France, seems to have been the first city to industrialize the technique, about 1850. By 1870 screen prints were being made in both Switzerland and Germany. During the early 1900s several attempts were made in England and the United States to put screen printing on a paying basis but it was not until 1920s hat it began to develop the stature of an industry. By 1926 France, Switzerland, Germany Great Britain and United States. Were all producing commercially successful screen prints.
 
Screen Printing:
The screen printing method in textiles is basically a stencil process. A wooden or metal frame is covered with a bolting cloth, which may be made of silk, fine metal thread or nylon. The fabric is covered with a film and the design areas are cut out of the film just as in stencil making. The frame is then laid on the fabric and colour is brushed or squeezed through the open areas of the film by the use of a big rubber knife or squeegee.
Originally, the design was cut out of film and then adhered to the screen. In printing, one screen is used for each colour and these are accurately registered one on the other by the use of fixed stops attached to an iron rail running the length of the table.
 
Hand Embroidery:
Embroidery is an ancient needlework in which designs are created by stitching stands of some material on the a layer of another material. Most embroidery uses thread or wool stitched on to woven fabric. Hand embroidery is used by traditional artists who are skilled in their craftsmanship and have inherited the art embroidery from their ancestor.
 
Traditional Indian Embroidery:
PHULKARI, ARI, KANTHA, KASHMIRI, CHIKANKARI, ZARDOZI etc.
 
 
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